Subak: the Three Causes of Happiness


Bali has an age-old irrigation system which has, over the centuries, proven to be near perfect. It is called the ''Subak''.

The underlying philosophy guiding the Subak system is harmony. Mutual agreements govern planting cycles, the division of water resources, the financial contribution of members, and their rights and responsibilities. It is defined by the Hindu concept of tri hita karana or three elements of happiness.

In the 1970s, the World Bank and the Asian Development Bank attempted to improve on the system by introducing the Bali Irrigation Project. Without consulting the locals, they introduced a new water distribution system and pesticides to Bali.

The project almost destroyed Bali's farming system. Since then, there has been a concerted effort to revive and fully reinstate the Subak system.

This documentary will demonstrate how it's possible for humans to live in harmony with nature through traditional methods and mutual cooperation.

Subak: the Three Causes of Happiness